THE LESSON IS SO DIFFICULT BUT IT BECAME NOW EASY FOR ME . Students will find the questions related to these topics in the exercise section. Some amount of rainfall occurs on the Tamil Nadu coast from these winds as here they blow from sea to land. December and January are the coldest months in the northern part of India. (e) The monsoon winds bind the whole country by providing water to set the agricultural activities in motion. Hence the reason for the reduction in rainfall. At the end of the Solutions, all the keywords which are important to understand Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Class 9 Geography, have been explained in a simple and easy to understand manner. Some amount of rainfall occurs on the Tamil Nadu coast from these winds as they blow there from sea to land. (b) Sometimes these cyclones arrive at the coasts of Odisha, West Bengal and Bangladesh. (b) In summer, the mercury occasionally touches 50°C in some parts of the Rajasthan desert, whereas it might be around 20°C in pahalgam in Jammu and Kashmir. The factors controlling the climate of India are. Describe the regional variations in the climatic conditions of India with the help of suitable examples. Author of this website, Mrs Shilpi Nagpal is MSc (Hons, Chemistry) and BSc (Hons, Chemistry) from Delhi University, B.Ed (I. P. University) and has many years of experience in teaching. Answer The climate of India is described as the monsoon type. Question 7. NCERT Class 9 Geography Books: The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) publishes Geography textbooks for Class 9.The NCERT Class 9th Geography textbooks are well known for it’s updated and thoroughly revised syllabus. As they move in the direction, the winds lose the moisture content. (x) Name two hottest stations in the months of. (d) A characteristic feature of the cold weather season over the northern plains is the inflow of cyclonic disturbances from the west and the north-west. The seasonal alteration of the wind systems and the associated weather conditions provide a rhythmic cycle of seasons. The Indian landscape, plant and animal life, agriculture, the people and their festivities, all revolve around the monsoon. The most constant is the mid-latitude and subtropical jet stream. When there are sloping roofs, the rain water can easily flow off towards the ground or to a receptive unit where water is collected instead of collecting on the rooftop. (ii) The wind blowing in the northern plains in summers is known as: (iii) Which one of the following causes rainfall during winters in the north-western part of India? NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 – Climate (Social Science), contains solutions to various questions in Exercise for Chapter 4. (vii) Why is the monsoon considered a unifying bond? (iii) The Tamil Nadu coast receives winter rainfall. The thickly populated deltas of the Godavari, the Krishna and the Kaveri are frequently struck by cyclones which cause great damage to life and property. Answer Jodhpur is in the extreme western part of India and so. In this chapter, you will study where India is located in the world map, its size, why is its location unique, water bodies in India, oceans surrounding India, etc. Answer The monsoon reaches Shillong earlier than Kolkata (refer to the ‘Advancing Monsoon’ map in your textbook) and the initial impact is heavier than the later showers. Consequently, states like Gujarat and Rajasthan in western India get very little rainfall. By the beginning of October, the monsoon withdrawal from the northern plains. It is because of North-East monsoon winds. (c) early June Question 2. Tiruvananthapuram on the other hand may have a temperature of 22° C. (a) The climate of India is described as the ‘monsoon’ type. Around the time of its arrival, the normal rainfall increases suddenly and constantly continue for several days. Climate Class 9 Questions and Answers Geography Chapter 4. (a) This causes a complete reversal of the direction of winds during summer. (iv) The delta region of the eastern coast is frequently struck by cyclones. That is why it has moderate precipitation almost throughout the year. Around the time of its arrival, the normal rainfall increases suddenly and continues constantly for several days. (i) Which one of the following places receives the highest rainfall in the world? (vii) Name two stations influenced by both branches of the south-west monsoons. Weather refers to the state of the atmosphere over an area at any point in time. These are two of the three basic elements that students have learned. Students will study the various other factors affecting the climate of a country. Choose the correct answer from the four alternatives given below. Here at study path we also provide you with NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths, Science, English for free. (ii) Why does India have a monsoon type of climate? 1. So, it reduces in Thiruvanantapuram earlier than in Mumbai. (iii) During the winter season, the north-west trade winds prevail over the country. (vi) Why does Delhi receive more rain than Jodhpur? (b) Retreating monsoon (v) While in Delhi and Jodhpur most of the rain is confined to nearly three months, in Thiruvanantapuram and Shillong it is almost nine months of the year? This is known as ‘burst’ of the monsoon. (b) A number of separate jet streams have been identified. Required fields are marked *. Why most of the world’s deserts are located in the western margins of continents in the subtropics? Answer In Rajasthan, the weather is very hot and there is less rainfall.Some part of the state is covered with desert. Get free NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Geography Contemporary India 1 Chapter 4 Climate solved by experts. The weather is normally marked by clear sky, low temperatures and low humidity and feeble, variable winds. The climatic conditions of an area decide the livelihood of people belonging to that particular area. Air moves from the high pressure area over the southern Indian Ocean, crosses the equator and turns right towards the low pressure areas over the Indian subcontinent. They cause depressions during the monsoon season. NCERT Book for Class 9 Social Science (Geography) Chapter 4 Climate is available for reading or download on this page. (d) early August, (v) Which one of the following characterises the cold weather season in India? These winds originate from the subtropical high pressure belt in the northern hemisphere, get deflected to the right due to the coriolis force and move on towards the equatorial low pressure area. (c) There is great variation in the rainfall received by the different parts of the country, somewhere it leads to floods and its absence in other parts leads to drought like conditions. Frost is common in the north, and the higher slopes of the Himalayas experience snowfall. NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography (Hindi Medium). (ii) The bulk of rainfall in India is concentrated over a few months. Filed Under: Class 9, Geography, NCERT Solutions, Social Science. By mid-June, the Arabian Sea branch of the monsoon arrives over Saurashtra-Kachchh and the central part of the country. The temperature decreases from south to north. (vi) Define monsoons. (g) The Southern Oscillation (SO) and jet streams also affects the monsoon. At the end of the Solutions, all the keywords which are important to understand Climate Class 9 Geography, have been explained in a simple and easy to understand manner. Question 1. (a) These cyclones are often very destructive. Thus, the region becomes devoid of moisture which causes dry conditions leading to formation of deserts. Head Office: 148 C, Sainik Enclave, Part -III, Mohan Garden New Delhi -110059 Answer The seasonal alteration of the wind systems and the associated weather conditions provide a rhythmic cycle of seasons.Monsoon rains are unevenly distributed and typically uncertain. Rainfall is dependent on the South West Monsoon winds, it rapidly progresses and covers large swathes of the country by July. NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 Climate discuss the climatic conditions in India and what influences Indian climate. (i) Why are Thiruvanantapuram and Shillong rainier in June than in July? 7. In the Thar desert, the day temperature may rise to 50°C and drop down to near 15°C the same night. (ii) Chennai has more rains only after the fury of monsoon is over in most parts of the country? (c) Cool days and cold nights After the first initial downpour the monsoon falls into a steady pattern of raining for at least a couple of hours most days. Answer They are rainier in June as the monsoon’s arrival occurs in both places in June and the initial impact of the monsoon is an intense period of heavy rain. (iv) Monsoon arrives in India approximately in: (v) Which one of the following characterises the cold-weather season in India? So, Shillong is rainier in June while Kolkata is rainier in July. (v) Parts of Rajasthan, Gujarat and the leeward side of the Western Ghats are drought prone. Answer Jodhpur is on the edge of the Thar Desert and by the time the monsoon winds reach it, most of their moisture is finished. Why the houses in Rajasthan have thick walls and flat roofs? (e) The monsoon is known for its uncertainties. Air moves from the high pressure area over the southern Indian ocean, crosses the equator and turns right. Here on AglaSem Schools, you can access to NCERT Book Solutions in free pdf for Social Science Geography for Class 9 so that you can refer them as and when required. (iv) Why is Shillong rainier than Kolkata? (iv) The delta region of the eastern coast is frequently struck by cyclones. This is known as the ‘burst’ of the monsoon and can be distinguished from the pre-monsoon showers. (d)The duration of the monsoon is between 100-120 days from early June to mid September. Climate Class 9 Notes Social Science Geography Chapter 4 CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 Notes Understanding the Lesson. (c) These winds blow over warm oceans, gather moisture and bring widespread rainfall over the mainland of India. Your email address will not be published. During this season, the northeast trade winds prevail over the country. (i) Which one of the following places receives the highest rainfall in the world? IT HELPED ME TO UNDERSTAND THR LESSON . (vi) In spite of these facts see carefully if there are strong evidences to conclude that the monsoons still provide a very strong framework lending overall climatic unity to the whole country. (g) Distribution of Rainfall Parts of the western coast and north-eastern India receive over 400 cm of rainfall; however, it is less than 60 cm in western Rajasthan and parts of Gujarat, Haryana and Punjab.Kashmir also receives low rainfall. Answer Shillong is in a hilly area and the hills trap the monsoon winds, so that Shillong becomes rainier than Kolkata. NCERT Solutions for Geography, Chapter 4 – … Answer The cold weather season begins from the November in northern India and stays till February. Your email address will not be published. Re-arrange the ten stations in two different sequences. Because they fall in the rain shadow region of Aravali Mountains. All the Solutions are covered as per the latest syllabus guidelines. By mid October, it withdraws completely from the northern half of peninsula. Here You Will Find All Solved Question Answers From Chapter 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 (i) What are the controls affecting the climate of India? The regions experiencing this phenomenon are in the northwestern part of India. Air moves from the high pressure area over the southern Indian ocean, crosses the equator and turns right towards the low pressure areas over the Indian subcontinent. Question 3. Use the Class 9 SST Geography Chapter 4 NCERT Solutions and get to know different concepts involved. We hope these solutions will help you to get good marks in the exams. This means that the monsoon rains take place for a few days at a time. Answer Leh is in the ‘cold desert’ called Ladakh, which is a valley in between two mountain ranges. The withdrawal of the monsoon begins when the south-west monsoon winds weaken and start withdrawing gradually. (b) Monsoon refers to the seasonal reversal in the wind direction during the year. After that, Climate Class 9 NCERT solutions discuss the definition of climate and weather and various climatic regions. (a) Kaal Baisakhi Our team works hard to keep these contents useful and up to date. 2. They cause the much-needed winter rains over the plains and snowfall in the mountains. Why does rainfall decrease from the east to the west in northern India? (c) These winds blow over warm oceans, gather moisture and bring widespread rainfall over the mainland of India. (a) Silchar (a) These cyclones are often very destructive. The NCERT Solutions to the questions after every unit of NCERT textbooks aimed at helping students solving difficult questions. The average temperature of Chennai, on the eastern coast, is between 24° – 25° Celsius, while in the northern plains, it ranges between 10°C and 15° Celsius. (iii) Jodhpur has a hot desert type of climate? Question 5. By December, the monsoon has withdrawn from the rest of the country. Keeping this in mind, our subject experts have provided step by step explanations and shortcut techniques to all questions from Class 9 Geography Chapter 1. The questions in the exercise are mainly related to the physiographic divisions of India such as the Himalayan Mountains, the Northern Plains, the Peninsular Plateau, the Indian Desert, the Coastal Plains and the Islands. (ii) According to their altitude above mean sea-level. This is a fairly rapid advance. (a) The months of December and January are the coldest in Northern India where the temperature ranges between 10°-15°. Students should also check NCERT Solutions for Class 9 for other subjects. Answer The south west monsoon winds are responsible for the rainfall along the Malabar coast. Choose the correct answer from the four alternatives given below. December and January are the coldest months in the northern part of India. (d) The Indian landscape, its animal and plant life, the entire agricultural calendar and the life of the people, including their festivities revolve around this phenomenon (monsoon). All the Indian people eagerly await the arrival of the monsoon. In the Himalayas precipitation is in the form of snowfall. Southwest monsoon winds are responsible for rainfall along the Malabar Coast. (iv) The delta region of the eastern coast is frequently struck by cyclones. Even the uncertainties of rain and uneven distribution are very much typical of the monsoons. NCERT Solutions for Class 9th Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Climate. The average temperature in Chennai, on the eastern coast, is between 24° – 25° Celsius. (b) It is near to the equator. To get the chapter-wise answers of History, Geography, Political Science and Economics textbooks go through the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science page. They blow from land to sea, and hence, for the most part of the country, it is a dry season. These monsoon winds bind the whole country by providing water to set the agricultural activities in motion. Answer Houses in Assam are built on stilts because the state receives abundant rainfall due to which there are chances of floods, In case of flood the water might get inside the houses, if the houses are built on ground level, so in order to avoid flooding of houses, houses are built on stilts and above the ground level. Exercise Page No 39. They are latitude, altitude, pressure and wind system, distance from the sea (continentality), ocean currents and relief features. The NCERT Geography Books are based on the latest exam pattern and CBSE syllabus. This causes complete reversal of the direction of the winds during summer. (f) The peninsular region does not have a well defined cold season.There is hardly any noticeable change in temperature pattern during winter due to the moderating influence of the sea. All the Indian people eagerly await the arrival of the monsoon. There are various reasons why India has a monsoon type of climate. These low-pressure systems originate over the Mediterranean Sea and western Asia and move into India, along with the westerly flow. Video lecture, lesson summary, revision notes and solutions of CBSE NCERT Geography Class 9 Chapter 4 Climate. (ii) Why does India have a monsoon type of climate? (a) In summer, a low pressure area develops over interior Asia as well as over north-western India. The Bay of Bengal faces frequent pressure changes. Download NCERT Solutions for this chapter here. Thus, we can say that rainfall in India is concentrated over a few months. On the other hand, there is hardly any difference in day and night temperatures in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands or in Kerala. There is hardly any noticeable seasonal change in temperature pattern during winters due to the moderating influence of the sea. (vii) Why is monsoon considered a unifying bond? NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 – India – Size and Location. Here is a brief of every section: Introduction. Question & answers. The entire existence of living beings revolves around the climatic conditions, and students will study the same in this chapter. (i) Which one of the following places receives the highest By mid-July, the monsoon reaches Himachal Pradesh and the rest of the country. (d) In summer, a low pressure area develops over interior Asia and north-western India. These wet spells are interspersed with dry spells related to the movement of the monsoon trough. Your email address will not be published. (d) Jet streams over the Indian peninsula during the summer affect the monsoon. NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 4 Exercise 4.1, 4.2, 4.3 and 4.4 Linear Equations in Two Variables English and Hindi 2020-2021. (b) Days are warm and nights are cold. Chapter 4 – Climate of NCERT Geography Class 9 talks about one of the most important factors of human survival, i.e., climate. Answer Chennai doesn’t receive much rain during the south-west monsoon, as the south of India (the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Kerala) gets most of its rainfall from the north-east monsoon, from October to December. It affects the coastal regions of the country and is responsible for tropical cyclones during the monsoon as well as during the October to November period. Therefore, it is called the monsoon type of climate. (iii) Why are south-west monsoons less rainy in Chennai? 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