In his first speech as the group's president, King declared, "We have no alternative but to protest. The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. As the bus traveled its route, all the seats in the white section filled up, then several more white passengers boarded the bus. Something went wrong. During his last year in seminary, King came under the guidance of Morehouse College President Benjamin E. Mays who influenced King’s spiritual development. Christopher Hitchens). On March 7, 1965, a civil rights march, planned from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama's capital, turned violent as police with nightsticks and tear gas met the demonstrators as they tried to cross the Edmund Pettus Bridge. She is chief executive officer of the Martin Luther King Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change in Atlanta, Georgia. The newlyweds moved to A.D.'s home in Atlanta. His wife, Susan Ann Carson, is managing editor of the. In 1969, Ray pleaded guilty to assassinating King and was sentenced to 99 years in prison. From late 1965 through 1967, King expanded his civil rights efforts into other larger American cities, including Chicago and Los Angeles. Please try again. After viewing product detail pages, look here to find an easy way to navigate back to pages you are interested in. Reading from The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia. Martin Sr. came from a family of sharecroppers in a poor farming community. To address this criticism, King began making a link between discrimination and poverty, and he began to speak out against the Vietnam War. Over the years, extensive archival studies have led to a more balanced and comprehensive assessment of his life, portraying him as a complex figure: flawed, fallible and limited in his control over the mass movements with which he was associated, yet a visionary leader who was deeply committed to achieving social justice through nonviolent means. But we come here tonight to be saved from that patience that makes us patient with anything less than freedom and justice.". It was here that King made his famous "I Have a Dream" speech, emphasizing his belief that someday all men could be brothers, "I have a dream that my four children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character." Check out the biography to know about his childhood, life and timeline. We strive for accuracy and fairness. Distraught at the news, young King jumped from a second-story window at the family home, allegedly attempting suicide. Southern Christian Leadership Conference. He took over the small, struggling Ebenezer Baptist church with around 13 members and made it into a forceful congregation. Discussions on the concepts of power and love and nonviolence and violence were exceptional. In the spring of 1963, King organized a demonstration in downtown Birmingham, Alabama. Please try your request again later. On December 1, 1955, they got another chance to make their case. In 1948, King earned a sociology degree from Morehouse College and attended the liberal Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania. Born as Michael King Jr. on January 15, 1929, Martin Luther King Jr. was the middle child of Michael King Sr. and Alberta Williams King. Firstly, I knew precious little about the man who stands as a giant of history. For me, the important parts include: (1) The Montgomery bus strike lasted over a year. Martin Sr. was more the disciplinarian, while his wife's gentleness easily balanced out the father's strict hand. Martin Luther King Jr Biography Martin Luther King Jr. was a prominent leader of civil rights movement in US. He died in prison on April 23, 1998. By 1960, King was gaining national exposure. The rising tide of civil rights agitation produced a strong effect on public opinion. Relevant and insightful, THE AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. offers King's seldom disclosed views on some of the world's greatest and most controversial figures: John F. Kennedy, Malcolm X, Lyndon B. Johnson, Mahatma Gandhi, and Richard Nixon. Quick Facts Famous as Worked for civil rights of black people Nationality American Religion Baptist (Progressive National Baptist Convention) Political ideology The King children grew up in a secure and loving environment. Coretta Scott King was an American civil rights activist and the wife of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther was a German monk who forever changed Christianity when he nailed his '95 Theses' to a church door in 1517, sparking the Protestant Reformation. The organization felt the best place to start to give African Americans a voice was to enfranchise them in the voting process. Although it is not an Autobiography penned by MLK himself, in many ways this is a more reliable telling of events in his life since the source material is all his letters, papers, newspaper articles, and contemporaneous writing of people who were present to witness the various events. Took Inspiration From Gandhi Nonviolence. After being accepted at several colleges for his doctoral study, King enrolled at Boston University. Kennedy expressed his concern for King's harsh treatment for the traffic ticket and political pressure was quickly set in motion. As a black man who has directly benefited from the Civil Rights Movement I feel a personal responsibility to advance the work of Dr. King. The Autobiography Of Martin Luther King, Jr. (1998) is a firsthand account of the life and work of one of the most important figures in recent American history: Martin Luther King Jr. But Rustin was also a controversial figure at the time, being a homosexual with alleged ties to the Communist Party. Eye-opening, and insightful. "An Autobiography of Religious Development" | The Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute Reviewed in the United States on January 13, 2018. Though his counsel was invaluable to King, many of his other supporters urged him to distance himself from Rustin. Flush with victory, African American civil rights leaders recognized the need for a national organization to help coordinate their efforts. He thrived in all his studies, and was valedictorian of his class in 1951, and elected student body president. There was a problem loading your book clubs. King was not in the march, however, the attack was televised showing horrifying images of marchers being bloodied and severely injured. Top subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. Civil rights leader Whitney Young Jr., head of the National Urban League, was at the forefront of racial integration and African American economic empowerment. Please try again. Biography: Martin Luther King, Jr. was a civil rights activist in the 1950s and 1960s. Everyone who wants to understand America should read this book. Seventeen demonstrators were hospitalized in a day that would be called "Bloody Sunday.". https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/martin-luther-king-jr-biography King was a great man who accomplished great things. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Growing up in Atlanta, Georgia, King entered public school at age five. In the spring of 1968, a labor strike by Memphis sanitation workers drew King to one last crusade. He strongly discouraged any sense of class superiority in his children which left a lasting impression on Martin Jr. He too became a successful minister and adopted the name Martin Luther King Sr. in honor of the German Protestant religious leader Martin Luther. Martin Luther King Jr. Biographical M artin Luther King, Jr., (January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968) was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin. Apparently this writer was commissioned by MLK's family to write an account of his life, based on his writings and their remembrances. Martin Luther King, Jr. was a well-known civil rights activist who had a great deal of influence on American society in the 1950s and 1960s. In May 1936 he was baptized, but the event made little impression on him. But that's just me. King's eloquence inhabits every word, extracting through vivid imagery, emotional responses. free summary of the autobiography of Martin Luther King Martin Luther King, Jr. (born Michael King, Jr.; January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American pastor, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. I heard King's voice speaking every word of every chapter. When asked to leave or sit in the colored section, they just remained seated, subjecting themselves to verbal and sometimes physical abuse. They were married in June 1953 and had four children, Yolanda, Martin Luther King III, Dexter Scott and Bernice. Assassinated in 1968, King led a brief life filled with many great accomplishments, working to promote equal treatment of all races. In 1983, President Ronald Reagan signed into law a bill creating Martin Luther King Jr. Day, a federal holiday honoring the legacy of the slain civil rights leader. Bring your club to Amazon Book Clubs, start a new book club and invite your friends to join, or find a club that’s right for you for free. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. (Jan. 15, 1929–April 4, 1968) was the charismatic leader of the U.S. civil rights movement in the 1950s and 1960s. Reviewed in the United Kingdom on October 29, 2018. But in his junior year, King took a Bible class, renewed his faith and began to envision a career in the ministry. In 1959, with the help of the American Friends Service Committee, and inspired by Mahatma Gandhi's success with non-violent activism, King visited Gandhi's birthplace in India. It also analyzes reviews to verify trustworthiness. READ MORE: How Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was born in Atlanta on 15 January 1929. I learned so much that I didn't know I didn't know. The news of his imprisonment entered the 1960 presidential campaign when candidate John F. Kennedy made a phone call to Coretta Scott King. But King also rebelled against his father’s more conservative influence by drinking beer and playing pool while at college. King was a great man who accomplished great things, Reviewed in the United Kingdom on March 23, 2018. This discomfort continued through much of his adolescence, initially leading him to decide against entering the ministry, much to his father's dismay. By the end of the Birmingham campaign, King and his supporters were making plans for a massive demonstration on the nation's capital composed of multiple organizations, all asking for peaceful change. Alabama governor George Wallace continued to try to prevent another march until President Lyndon B. Johnson pledged his support and ordered U.S. Army troops and the Alabama National Guard to protect the protestors. The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. The author imagines conversations that Dr. King might have, and supports that with snippets of his writing. It was unfortunate that Martin Luther King Jr. did not get a chance to write his own autobiography, but Clayborne Carson does a wonderful job piecing together Martin's life struggles, highlights and main ideas. In May 1941, King was 12 years old when his grandmother, Jennie, died of a heart attack. Martin's revelations are timeless. Flush with victory, African American civil rights leaders … All I can say after reading this book is WOW - what an amazing story. King met with religious and civil rights leaders and lectured all over the country on race-related issues. Other than that, I could have made better use of my time. I also knew little about the kind of Christianity he professed, and had heard some people scandalously say that King was in no real way a Christian (i.e. Passed it onto my teenage son who is equally fascinated. But I want you to know tonight that we, as a people, will get to the promised land.". In due time, Michael Jr. would follow his father's lead and adopt the name himself. Martin Jr.'s grandfather, A.D. Williams, was a rural minister for years and then moved to Atlanta in 1893. A very enjoyable and educational read about a very strong willed and passionate man for freedom of all people through peaceful protest. The Rev. Although his family was deeply involved in the church and worship, King questioned religion in general and felt uncomfortable with overly emotional displays of religious worship. During his time at University Martin Luther King became aware of the vast inequality and injustice faced by black Am… Through his activism and inspirational speeches, he played a pivotal role in ending the legal segregation of African American citizens in the United States, as well as the creation of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. He felt that America's involvement in Vietnam was politically untenable and the government's conduct in the war discriminatory to the poor. Very good book. He married Jennie Celeste Parks and they had one child that survived, Alberta. One one level I an deeply ashamed that I am just reading this comprehensive, compelling, and courageous book taken from the writings and speeches of the man himself and on another level I am happy I am reading this in 2016 as the issues of racism, poverty, and war (King's self-described 3 evils) are still very much alive. A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings and Speeches, I Have a Dream: Writings and Speeches That Changed the World, Special 75th Anniversary Edition (Martin Luther King, Jr., born January 15, 1929), Mohandas K. Gandhi, Autobiography: The Story of My Experiments with Truth, Martin Luther King, Jr.: A Life (Penguin Lives Biographies), Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, Stride Toward Freedom: The Montgomery Story (King Legacy), The Autobiography of Malcolm X: As Told to Alex Haley, Long Walk to Freedom: The Autobiography of Nelson Mandela, Dr. Carson was born in Buffalo, New York. On April 3, he gave his final and what proved to be an eerily prophetic speech, “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop,” in which he told supporters at the Mason Temple in Memphis, "I've seen the promised land. I may not get there with you. Quotes Showing 1-30 of 138 “A man who won't die for something is not fit to live.” ― Martin Luther King Jr., The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. by Martin Luther King Jr., Clayborne Carson Book Review. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s autobiography is the story of one of the great social and political figures of the twentieth century. However, King was personally criticized by Black and white clergy alike for taking risks and endangering the children who attended the demonstration. Martin Luther King Jr. Day was first celebrated in 1986, and in all 50 states in 2000. The shooter, a malcontent drifter and former convict named James Earl Ray, was eventually apprehended after a two-month, international manhunt. Not wanting to alienate southern judges by violating the restraining order, a different approach was taken. Three other African American passengers reluctantly gave up their places, but Parks remained seated. A second march was canceled due to a restraining order to prevent the march from taking place. King attended Booker T. Washington High School, where he was said to be a precocious student. We have sometimes given our white brothers the feeling that we liked the way we were being treated. (2) MLK is the kind of religious man we see way too rarely - a man who lives his beliefs every minute of every day. Martin Luther King Jr. - Mini Biography TV-14 4:40 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. is widely considered the most influential leader of the American civil rights movement. Reviewed in the United States on September 3, 2018. He was becoming discouraged at the slow progress of civil rights in America and the increasing criticism from other African American leaders. With entire families in attendance, city police turned dogs and fire hoses on demonstrators. He became a member of Congress, mayor of Atlanta and U.S. ambassador to the United Nations. READ MORE: The Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. King's life had a seismic impact on race relations in the United States. Audio, Cassette, Abridged, Audiobook, Unabridged, Historical India & South Asia Biographies, Warner Books; Illustrated edition (January 1, 2001), Reviewed in the United States on March 12, 2015. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required. King was soon released. He hoped that America and the world could become a colorblind society where race would not impact a person's civil rights. I Have a Dream: Writings and Speeches That Changed the World The best book I have read in a very long time. With knowledge, spirit, good humor, and passion, THE AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. brings to life a remarkable man whose thoughts and actions speak to our most burning contemporary issues and still inspire the desires, hopes, and dreams of us all. These were some very determined people who walked everywhere they needed to go for over a year! Martin Luther King Jr., who was born in Atlanta at the beginning of the Great Depression, came across segregation and prejudice firsthand. But he was also new to the community and had few enemies, so it was felt he would have strong credibility with the Black community. Instead of forcing a confrontation, King led his followers to kneel in prayer and they then turned back. The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr: Chapter 14: The Sit-In Movement. On August 28, 1963, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. spoke the words: “I have a dream.” King encouraged students to continue to use nonviolent methods during their protests. Abolitionist Martin Robison Delany was both a physician and newspaper editor and became one of the most influential and successful anti-slavery activists of the 19th century. King is the youngest child of Martin Luther King Jr. and Coretta Scott King. On March 21, approximately 2,000 people began a march from Selma to Montgomery, the state capitol. Among his many efforts, King headed the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). But he met with increasing criticism and public challenges from young Black power leaders. On August 28, 1963, the historic March on Washington drew more than 200,000 people in the shadow of the Lincoln Memorial. He was the son of Alberta Christine (Williams), a schoolteacher, and Martin Luther King Sr., a pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta. READ MORE: Martin Luther King Jr. and Martin Luther: The Parallels Between the Two Leaders. DOWNLOAD BIOGRAPHY'S MARTIN LUTHER KING JR. In the 1970s, FBI files, released under the Freedom of Information Act, revealed that he was under government surveillance, and suggested his involvement in adulterous relationships and communist influences. It was like he was sitting next to you telling you the story of his life. Reviewed in the United Kingdom on September 19, 2018. When a mostly white jury acquitted the police officers who were caught on video beating Rodney King, it set off the L.A. riots of 1992. He also earned a fellowship for graduate study. My greater understanding of the issues are thanks to this book. Boycotts, protests, and marches were eventually effective, and much legislation was passed against racial discrimination. Out of this meeting, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee formed and for a time, worked closely with the SCLC. On the night that Parks was arrested, E.D. Many people in cities not experiencing racial tension began to question the nation's Jim Crow laws and the near-century of second-class treatment of African American citizens. King was jailed along with large numbers of his supporters, but the event drew nationwide attention. It is not even an autobiography as told to, such as the Autobiography of Malcolm X. I am pretty stanchly anti-organized religion because of my perceptions about folks not living their beliefs at all times (which is a really, really tall order, I realize), but this book brought me back to questions my personal opinions, prejudices, and beliefs about religion and the practice thereof. After being defeated in several lower court rulings and suffering large financial losses, the city of Montgomery lifted the law mandating segregated public transportation. From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes Martin Luther King, Jr. Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays. Buy The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr New Ed by Martin Luther King Jr (ISBN: 0787721865148) from Amazon's Book Store. We shall Overcome! The greatest way to do that is through love. The bus boycott involved 382 days of walking to work, harassment, violence, and intimidation for Montgomery's African American community. There were a few sections that were duplicative, but overall I thought it was an excellent, absorbing read. Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon. The driver asked her again to give up her seat and again she refused. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! This is the example of a leader as Servant - a powerful man who dedicated his power not to the creation of personal wealth but to improving the conditions for millions of people. The life of Martin Luther King Jr. Any number of historic moments in the civil-rights struggle have been used to identify Martin Luther King, Jr. — prime mover of the Montgomery bus boycott, keynote speaker at the March on Washington, youngest Nobel Peace Prize laureate. Martin Luther King Jr. was a Baptist minister and civil-rights activist who had a seismic impact on race relations in the United States, beginning in the mid-1950s. You're listening to a sample of the Audible audio edition. In January 1957, King, Ralph Abernathy and 60 ministers and civil rights activists founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to harness the moral authority and organizing power of Black churches. This "autobiography" left me hungry for the real story. King's patient, non-violent approach and appeal to white middle-class citizens alienated many Black militants who considered his methods too weak, too late and ineffective. On March 9, 1965, a procession of 2,500 marchers, both Black and white, set out once again to cross the Pettus Bridge and confronted barricades and state troopers. Teenager Claudette Colvin was then arrested and taken to jail. For many years we have shown an amazing patience. Martin Sr. fought against racial prejudice, not just because his race suffered, but because he considered racism and segregation to be an affront to God's will. By August of 1960, the sit-ins had been successful in ending segregation at lunch counters in 27 southern cities. Prime members enjoy FREE Delivery and exclusive access to music, movies, TV shows, original audio series, and Kindle books. They said that King was finally swaying to Malcom X's advocacy of violence to try to combat segregation and discrimination during the later part of King's life and that is just completely wrong according to the source materials set forth in this book. King's struggle continued throughout the 1960s. I bought this book for a number of reasons. Both King's and Nixon's homes were attacked. His strong belief in nonviolent protest helped set the tone of the movement. At first, the local chapter of the NAACP felt they had an excellent test case to challenge Montgomery's segregated bus policy. Five months after the historic peaceful protest, President Johnson signed the 1965 Voting Rights Act. He continues to be remembered as one of the most influential and inspirational African American leaders in history. The next day, while standing on a balcony outside his room at the Lorraine Motel, Martin Luther King Jr. was killed by a sniper's bullet. Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. The trip affected him in a profound way, increasing his commitment to America's civil rights struggle. Martin Sr. stepped in as pastor of Ebenezer Baptist Church upon the death of his father-in-law in 1931. On October 19, 1960, King and 75 students entered a local department store and requested lunch-counter service but were denied. Written as though King himself had chosen every word, this gives much needed insight into key phases of King's life, the Civil Rights struggle and his tremendous speeches. The bus driver noted that there were several white men standing and demanded that Parks and several other African Americans give up their seats. That evening, 42-year-old Rosa Parks boarded the Cleveland Avenue bus to go home after an exhausting day at work. For Martin the civil rights movement began one summer in 1935 when he was six years old. Martin Luther King Jr.(born Michael King Jr.; January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptistminister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movementfrom 1955 until his assassinationin 1968. Though they undoubtedly tried, King’s parents couldn’t shield him completely from racism. M. Luther King attended Morehouse College in Atlanta, (segregated schooling) and then went to study at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania and Boston University. Two of his friends did not show up to play ball with him and Martin decided to go looking for them. Maybe that's okay for some, but I say this is a biography, mostly of his adult activist life, and it contains none of the critical analysis that's in David Garrow's Bearing the Cross. FACT CARD. On March 25, the number of marchers, which had grown to an estimated 25,000, gathered in front of the state capitol where King delivered a televised speech. The event was traumatic for King, more so because he was out watching a parade against his parents' wishes when she died. Plans were in the works for another march on Washington to revive his movement and bring attention to a widening range of issues. (3) In their 2018 article on MLK for MLK day, the Washington Post got it wrong. These nonfiction books include biographies about Martin Luther King Jr., an autobiography from his widow, and reflections on Dr. King’s essays. He completed his Ph.D. and earned his degree in 1955. But then it was revealed that Colvin was pregnant and civil rights leaders feared this would scandalize the deeply religious Black community and make Colvin (and, thus the group's efforts) less credible in the eyes of sympathetic white people. The Washington Post needs a copy of this book. Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations, Select the department you want to search in. Reverend Bernice A. Assembled from his writings, letters, interviews, and speeches, this autobiography tells of King’s journey from Christian minister in the segregated South to leading figure of the civil rights movement. But soon after, King was imprisoned for violating his probation on a traffic conviction. Martin's honesty and quest for justice rings throughout. After his assassination, he was memorialized by Martin Luther King Jr. Day. I became fascinated by Martin Luther King after visiting his memorial in Washington DC and standing on the spot where he did his famous speech to the nation. This also led to King receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. Andrew Young Jr. was an activist for the civil rights movement alongside Martin Luther King Jr. The assassination sparked riots and demonstrations in more than 100 cities across the country. Both his father and grandfather were pastors in an African-American Baptist church. Finally, there were a number of passages that could have been written today - so many points Martin made are as fresh as ever. In 1954, while still working on his dissertation, King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church of Montgomery, Alabama. Reviewed in the United Kingdom on April 21, 2020, Thoroughly enjoyed the read. He married Alberta in 1926 after an eight-year courtship. In February 1958, the SCLC sponsored more than 20 mass meetings in key southern cities to register Black voters in the South. On March 2, 1955, a 15-year-old girl refused to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery city bus in violation of local law. Martin's honesty and quest for justice rings throughout. There was an error retrieving your Wish Lists. There's a problem loading this menu right now. He returned to Atlanta to become co-pastor with his father at Ebenezer Baptist Church but also continued his civil rights efforts. Of hate and evil to alienate southern judges by violating the Montgomery bus strike over. Atlanta, Georgia bloodied and severely injured and inspirational African American leader of civil rights recognized. The slow progress of civil rights leader was also a controversial figure at the,. A local department store and requested lunch-counter service but were denied the Martin Luther King day. King was personally criticized by Black and white clergy alike for taking risks and endangering the children who attended liberal. Scott King Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania were attacked thrived all! The famed civil rights movement alongside Martin Luther King, many of his writing become... 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