NOAA Tech Memo OAR CPO-1. By the end of the century, global mean sea level is likely to rise at least one foot (0.3 meters) above 2000 levels, even if greenhouse gas emissions follow a relatively low pathway in coming decades. Pelto, M. (2019). We provide construction professionals with guidelines, specifications, and permits to connect to Seattle's water and sewer systems. Phone: (206) 684-3000. The City of Seattle makes no representations or warranty as to its accuracy, and in particular, its accuracy as to labeling, completeness, reliability, currency, dimensions, contours, property boundaries or placement of location of any map feature thereon. From the 1970s up through the last decade or so, melting and heat expansion were contributing roughly equally to observed sea level rise. Parris, A., P.  Bromirski, V. Burkett, D. Cayan, M. Culver, J. In the early 20th century, the glacier met the water and calved icebergs into a marginal lake near the bay. Melt streams on the Greenland Ice Sheet on July 19, 2015. Nunn, A.J. Pedersen Glacier, at Aialik Bay in Alaska’s Kenai Mountains, in 1917 (left) and 2005 (right). In 2019, global sea level was 3.4 inches (87.6 mm) above the 1993 average—the highest annual average in the satellite record (1993-present). The interactive map, produced by Climate Central, shows the change in the UK in the next 30 years because of rising sea levels. NOAA Tech. Our connection to the community is very important. Roads, bridges, subways, water supplies, oil and gas wells, power plants, sewage treatment plants, landfills—the list is practically endless—are all at risk from sea level rise. Around the U.S., nuisance flooding has increased dramatically in the past 50 years. Seattle Public Utilities provides land survey services only to other City of Seattle departments but has data for everyone to use. From our watersheds to your streets and parks, we strive to keep Seattle clean and safe. [online] http://cpo.noaa.gov/sites/cpo/Reports/2012/NOAA_SLR_r3.pdf. PO Box 34018, Seattle, WA, 98124-5177 Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Since the 2012 report report, new research has emerged showing that some of the more extreme estimates of how quickly those ice sheets could melt were more plausible than they previously seemed. Mailing Address: The more recent part of the time series is from the University of Hawaii Sea Level Center. For more detail on the data sources, see the end of the article. All three utilities strive to operate in a cost-effective, innovative and environmentally responsible manner. Observed sea level from tide gauges (dark gray) and satellites (light gray) from 1800-2015, with future sea level through 2100 under six possible future scenarios (colored lines). Accessed November 18 2019. We manage large, regional watersheds that provide some of the cleanest water in the nation. (2019). Where to Dispose of Household Hazardous Waste, Multi-Family Properties Collection & Disposal, Request Containers for Your Apartment or Condo, Backflow Prevention & Cross-Connection Control, Requirements & Types of Backflow Prevention, Fats, Oils, & Grease: Commercial Kitchens, Master Composter / Sustainability Steward Volunteer Program, Training & Certification for Landscape Professionals, Water Efficiency for Businesses and Property Managers, Free Toilets for Low-Income Housing Providers, Women and Minority Owned Business Enterprise (WMBE) Program, Environmental Justice and Service Equity Glossary, Rattlesnake Lake Recreation Area & Trails, Resources to Help You With Your Adopted Street, School Recycling & Waste Reduction Resources, 12th Ave NW Basin Drainage Improvements Project, Ballard Natural Drainage System (NDS) Project, Delridge Natural Drainage System (NDS) Project, East Montlake Pump Station & Force Main Improvements Project, Fauntleroy Creek Culverts Replacement Project, Fremont to Queen Anne Water Main Replacement Project, Longfellow Creek Natural Drainage System (NDS) Project, North Henderson Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) Reduction, Pearl Street Drainage Improvement Project, Portage Bay 138 Gate Retrofit & Pump Station 20 Improvement Project, Pump Station 22 Retrofit & Force Main Replacement Project, Alki Pump Station 38 Improvements Project, South Park Drainage and Roadway Partnership, South Thornton Natural Drainage System (NDS) Project, Vine Basin Combined Sewer Overflow Control, High Point Natural Drainage System (NDS) Project, Small Water Service (2 Inches and Smaller), Large Water Service (4 Inches and Larger), Core Tap Procedures for Storm and Sewer Mains, Design Guidelines for Public Storm Drains, Solid Waste Storage and Access for New or Remodeled Buildings, Construction and Demolition Waste Management, Third-Party Hauling Requirements for Construction Materials, Specific Project Information Forms (SPIF), Solid Waste Management Plan (2011 Revision), Combined Sewer Overflow Reports & Requirements, Discover tips for safer gatherings and ideas for alternative ways to celebrate, flexible payment plans, utility discounts, and emergency bill assistance, 700 5th Avenue, Suite 4900, Seattle, WA, 98104. The light blue line shows seasonal (3-month) sea level estimates from Church and White (2011). South Beach, Miami on May 3, 2007. We are dedicated to public health and a clean environment for everyone. https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/sites/3/2019/11/SROCC_FinalDraft_Chapter3.pdf, https://report.ipcc.ch/srocc/pdf/SROCC_SPM_Approved.pdf, http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/wg1/WG1AR5_SPM_FINAL.pdf. 700 5th Avenue, Suite 4900, Seattle, WA, 98104 We also help manage construction waste. King Tides: Snap the Shore, See the Future A collaboration of NOAA’s Office for Coastal Management and the King Tides Project to help people understand the global impact of sea level rise. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Ocean Service, Silver Spring, MD. Climate Projections. SPU has several financial assistance resources available, including flexible payment plans, utility discounts, and emergency bill assistance. We work to reduce sewer backups, overflow, pollution, and flooding. In IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate [H.-O. By 2050? The darker line is based on University of Hawaii Fast Delivery sea level data. Access manuals, design specifications, and guidelines to meet design and construction rules and requirements, including CAD resources. With climate change, the water cycle is expected to undergo significant change. Vital Signs of the Planet: Global Climate Change and Global Warming. High-tide flooding is already a serious problem in many coastal communities, and it is only expected to get much worse in the future with continued rising seas. Tide gauge stations from around the world have measured the daily high and low tides for more than a century, using a variety of manual and automatic sensors. Potential Sea-Level Changes. It is based on a weighted average of 373 global tide gauge records collected by the U.S. National Ocean Service, UHSLC, and partner agencies worldwide. (2011). With high rates of emissions, sea level rise would be much higher, but was unlikely to exceed 6.6 feet higher than 1992 levels. Summary for Policymakers. You can see how this process works by building a model using everyday items to demonstrate that water expands when heat energy is added. Surveys in Geophysics, 32(4-5), 585–602. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) stated last month in a special report on the oceans that global average sea levels could rise by up to 1.1m by 2100, in the worst warming scenario. (2013). The map of the United Kingdom is … Between 1993 and 2018, mean sea level has risen across most of the world ocean (blue colors). If Earth's climate continues to warm, then the volume of present-day ice sheets will decrease. Merrifield, G.A. Do you have feedback to offer on this or another article?Let us know what you think. The Social Vulnerability Index , which shows areas of high human vulnerability to hazards, is based on population attributes from Census 2010 (e.g., age and poverty) and the built environment. The second mechanism is the melting of ice over land, which then adds water to the ocean. Accessed November 2, 2015. Melting of the current Greenland ice sheet would result in a sea-level rise of about 6.5 meters; melting of the West Antarctic ice sheet would result in a sea-level rise … Electricity is provided by Seattle City Light, a separate department with its own website. Pfeffer, D. Stammer and A.S. Unnikrishnan. View our garbage, recycling, and food & yard waste (compost) services, find the nearest transfer station (dump/landfill) for extra waste, and learn about your collection day. The global mean water level in the ocean rose by 0.14 inches (3.6 millimeters) per year from 2006–2015, which was 2.5 times the average rate of 0.06 inches (1.4 millimeters) per year throughout most of the twentieth century. NOAA Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services. Data from the Sea Level Rise Viewer were used to create an interactive map that shows how areas vulnerable to flooding today were often marshlands in 1863. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA. Chapter 3: Polar regions. The Water Utility provides more than 1.3 million customers in King County with a reliable water supply; the Drainage and Wastewater Utility collects and disposes of sewage and storm water; and the Solid Waste Utility collects and disposes of recycling, yard waste, and residential and commercial garbage. Learn environmentally friendly ways you can save money on utilities. Global and Regional Sea Level Rise Scenarios for the United States. The maps above show temperature anomalies, or changes, not absolute temperature. In the natural world, rising sea level creates stress on coastal ecosystems that provide recreation, protection from storms, and habitat for fish and wildlife, including commercially valuable fisheries. Construction Resources. Get cost estimation guides, required forms, documentation, and payment information for your construction or demolition project. As the world warms, land ice and ice shelves melt, with their water flowing into the global oceans. Climate change is expected to … We partner with schools to promote green practices. Water Outages View our current water outage map and read about how you can prepare for planned water outages. If we follow a pathway with high emissions,  a worst-case scenario of as much as 8.2 feet (2.5 meters) above 2000 levels by 2100 cannot be ruled out. Photo by Flickr user James WIlliamor, via a Creative Commons license. At the same time, the volume of the water itself expands when warmed. [Online: http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2019/03/alpine-glaciers-another-decade-of-loss/] Accessed November 18, 2019. This Scary Map Shows How Climate Change Will Transform Your City Click on your city, and the map will pinpoint a modern analog city that matches what your climate may be in 2080. Photos courtesy of Louis H. Pedersen (1917) and Bruce F. Molina (2005), obtained from the Glacier Photograph Collection, Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center/World Data Center for Glaciology. Added together (purple line), these separate estimates match the observed sea level very well. Consider a water cycle diagram, like the one below; global warming is altering nearly every stage in the diagram. SPU also houses the Engineering Services line of business, which serves both City departments and outside agencies, providing efficient, customer-oriented engineering services that assist clients with replacing, improving, and expanding facilities with the least possible disruption to the community. First, as the oceans warm due to an increasing global temperature, seawater expands—taking up more space in the ocean basin and causing a rise in water level. The higher the sea level, the faster and stronger the return signal is. Learn about our ongoing maintenance of these pipes and how this work can impact your neighborhood. New Climate Satellite Measures Sea Level Rise Space is the best place — maybe the only place — to get a complete picture of how climate change … Also read about what to do if your bill seems too high. The higher worst-case scenario—which is extremely unlikely, but can’t be ruled out—is largely due to new observations and modeling on ice loss from Antarctica and Greenland. The most recent special report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change says we can expect the oceans to rise between 10 and 30 inches (26 to … This shift of liquid water from land to ocean is largely due to groundwater pumping. Find notifications and measures we take to inform and involve you. Seattle Public Utilities is investing in our infrastructure to protect public health and the environment and to continue providing essential services to customers. Connect with coastal stakeholders across the country through this interactive map, which allows you to identify and share your observations and experiences with sea-level rise impacts along Canada's coastline. Maps forecast large areas of Nelson under water from sea-level rise. 37 pp. Geophysical Research Letters, 45(24), 13,367-13,376. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL081183, IPCC, 2019: Summary for Policymakers. Discover tips for safer gatherings and ideas for alternative ways to celebrate. As global temperatures continue to warm, sea level will continue to rise. NASA photo by Maria-José Viñas. Thermal expansion happens when water gets warmer, which causes the volume of the water to increase. Climate Resilience Toolkit.). Ice loss from the Greenland and Antarctic Ice Sheets as well as alpine glaciers has accelerated in recent decades. The early part of the time series shown in the graph above comes from the sea level group of CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation), Australia's national science agency. The rising water level is mostly due to a combination of meltwater from glaciers and ice sheets and thermal expansion of seawater as it warms. In some ocean basins, sea level has risen as much as 6-8 inches (15-20 centimeters) since the start of the satellite record in 1993. Photo by Amy McGovern. Learn how to manage your account, pay your bills, view usage, and understand your rates. We manage public garbage and recycling cans and work to remove illegal dumping, graffiti, sharps, and other pollution in public places. Map by NOAA Climate.gov based on data provided by Philip Thompson, University of Hawaii. We also help manage construction waste. Fires and floods: maps of Europe predict scale of climate catastrophe This article is more than 10 months old Without urgent action, rising sea levels by end of century could leave cities under water Sea-Level Rise from the Late 19th to the Early 21st Century. By overlaying social and economic data on a map that depicts sea level rise, a community can see the potential impact that sea level rise can have on vulnerable people and businesses. The map illustrates how climate change could affect the global economy as regions connected by trade are affected by changes in crop yield, droughts, flooding and high temperatures. Gregory, S. Jevrejeva, A. Levermann, M.A. Leuliette, E. (2014). The rate of sea level rise is accelerating: it has more than doubled from 0.06 inches (1.4 millimeters) per year throughout most of the twentieth century to 0.14 inches (3.6 millimeters) per year from 2006–2015. ALL SUCH SLR INFORMATION AND CONTENT IS PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS", "AS AVAILABLE" BASIS WITHOUT WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, ACCURACY, AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. Realclimate.org. Sea-Level Rise ("SLR") information is prepared for use by The City of Seattle for its internal purposes only, and is not designed or intended for use by members of the public. Explore this interactive graph: Click and drag either axis to display different parts of the graph. The base digital elevation model (DEM) used in the analysis was produced using data from the 2016 regional LiDAR project by King County & the Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium. Click on the map above for an interactive version. In some ocean basins, sea level has risen as much as 6-8 inches (15-20 centimeters) since the start of the satellite record. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Changes in ocean currents such as the Gulf Stream can also affect sea levels by pushing more water against some coastlines and pulling it away from others, raising or lowering sea levels accordingly. (The global mean surface air temperature for that period was estimated to be 14°C (57°F), with an uncertainty of several tenths of a degree.) The non-vegetated vertical accuracy for the project is calculated at 0.172 feet (0.052 meters). https://www.climate.gov/maps-data/dataset/sea-level-rise-map-viewer Sea level can rise by two different mechanisms with respect to climate change. For the densely populated Atlantic seaboard north of Virginia and the western Gulf of Mexico, sea level rise will likely be higher than the global average for all pathways. Clark, A. Cazenave, J.M. To squeeze or stretch the graph in either direction, hold your Shift key down, then click and drag. View our current water outage map and read about how you can prepare for planned water outages. The weights for each gauge in the global mean are determined by a cluster analysis that groups gauges from locations where sea level tends to vary in the same way. The values are shown as change in sea level in millimeters compared to the 1993-2008 average. These two elements contribute to sea level rise. Naturally occurring ocean climate cycles can also play a role in temporarily masking or enhancing the effects of climate change on sea level rise. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Explore the programs we offer for you to learn about the environment and get involved. How much it will rise depends mostly on the rate of future carbon dioxide emissions and future global warming. Coastal flooding is on the rise. A third, much smaller contributor to sea level rise is a decline in the amount of liquid water on land—aquifers, lakes and reservoirs, rivers, soil moisture. From 2018 to 2019, global sea level rose 0.24 inches (6.1 millimeters). Now there's a map for that. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.)]. About half of the measured global sea level rise on Earth is from warming waters and thermal expansion. https://report.ipcc.ch/srocc/pdf/SROCC_SPM_Approved.pdf. In no event will The City of Seattle be liable for any loss or damage including without limitation, indirect or consequential loss or damage, or any loss or damage whatsoever arising from loss of data or profits arising out of, or in connection with, the use of any SLR information. The scenarios differ based on potential future rates of greenhouse gas emissions and differences in the plausible rates of glacier and ice sheet loss. Only in Alaska and a few places in the Pacific Northwest are sea levels falling, though that trend will reverse under high greenhouse gas emission pathways. Globally, 8 of the world’s 10 largest cities are near a coast, according to the U.N. Atlas of the Oceans. Antarctic ice loss nearly quadrupled from 51 billion tons per year between 1992 and 2001 to 199 billion tons per year from 2012-2016. http://www.star.nesdis.noaa.gov/sod/lsa/SeaLevelRise/documents/NOAA_NESD... https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/sltrends/, http://cpo.noaa.gov/sites/cpo/Reports/2012/NOAA_SLR_r3.pdf, http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2019/03/alpine-glaciers-another-decade-of-loss/, https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/publications/techrpt83_Global_and_Regional_SLR_Scenarios_for_the_US_final.pdf, https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/publications/NOAA_Technical_Report_NOS_COOPS_073.pdf, Explaining the NOAA Sea Level Rise Viewer, Rising Sea Levels Threaten Hawaiian Sea Turtles’ Nesting Sites, Climate Change: Arctic sea ice summer minimum. We provide construction professionals with guidelines, specifications, and permits to connect to Seattle's water and sewer systems. Global warming is causing global mean sea level to rise in two ways. If melted completely, the Greenland ice sheet contains enough water to raise sea level by 5-7 meters (16-23 feet). Learn about the water system, water quality labs, and metering. In many locations along the U.S. coastline, high-tide flooding is now 300% to more than 900% more frequent than it was 50 years ago. On the bright side, if future energy choices keep us on one the three lowest pathways, Alaska and the Pacific Northwest are likely to experience local sea level rise that is less than the global average. In the early 20th century, the glacier met the water and calved icebergs into a marginal lake near the bay. Since the early 1990s, sea level has been measured from space using radar altimeters, which determine the height of the sea surface by measuring the return speed and intensity of a radar pulse directed at the ocean. Seattle Public Utilities maintains 1,600 miles of water pipes. Temperatures in the upper half of the ocean are measured by a global fleet of aquatic robots. Climate Resilience Toolkit. We manage Seattle's sewer and drainage systems, including street storm drains and pollution control. This prevents over-emphasizing regions where there are many tide gauges located in close proximity. There are many opportunities for you to become involved and help us keep Seattle great. But the melting of mountain glaciers and ice sheets has accelerated: As a result, the amount of sea level rise due to melting (with a small addition from groundwater transfer and other water storage shifts) from 2005–2013 was nearly twice the amount of sea level rise due to thermal expansion. https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/sites/3/2019/11/SROCC_FinalDraft_Chapter3.pdf. Our large watersheds supply safe and clean drinking water to the greater Seattle area. The projections and scenarios are based on a 2018 Washington Coastal Resilience Project (WCRP) report ("Projected Sea Level Rise for Washington State"). In urban settings along coastlines around the world, rising seas threaten infrastructure necessary for local jobs and regional industries. By the end of the century, global mean sea level is likely to rise at least one foot (0.3 meters) above 2000 levels, even if greenhouse gas emissions follow a relatively low pathway in coming decades. IPCC. We have programs to help you save on your utility costs. Higher sea level also means more frequent high-tide flooding, sometimes called “nuisance flooding” because it isn't generally deadly or dangerous, but it can be disruptive and expensive. Based on their new scenarios, global sea level is very likely to rise at least 12 inches (0.3 meters) above 2000 levels by 2100 even on a low-emissions pathway. Will your city or county be flooded by 2020? 75pp. As seas rise, saltwater is also contaminating freshwater aquifers, many of which sustain municipal and agricultural water supplies and natural ecosystems. Property owners and developers can find specifications, tap procedures, inspections, and rain garden info for stormwater, groundwater, and wastewater. In the United States, almost 40 percent of the population lives in relatively high population-density coastal areas, where sea level plays a role in flooding, shoreline erosion, and hazards from storms. In all cases, however, rising sea levels are increasing coastal flood risk. The decadal average loss from glaciers in the World Glacier Monitoring Service’s reference network quintupled over the past few decades, from the equivalent of 6.7 inches (171 millimeters) of liquid water in the 1980s, to 18 inches (460 millimeters) in the 1990s, to 20 inches (-500 millimeters) in the 2000s, to 33 inches (850 millimeters) for 2010-2018. Nerem, P.D. Using data from scores of stations around the world, scientists can calculate a global average and adjust it for seasonal differences. ... A partial melting of this ice sheet would cause a 1-meter (3-foot) rise. Even if the world follows a low greenhouse gas pathway, global sea level will likely rise at least 12 inches (0.3 meters) above 2000 levels by 2100. And Antarctic ice sheets will decrease rose 0.24 inches ( 15-20 centimeters ) since 1880 when water shifts land! To manage your account, pay your bills, view usage, and permits to connect to Seattle 's Sound. Share your story all three Utilities strive to keep Seattle clean and safe take to climate change map water rise. Carbon dioxide emissions and differences in the past century: http: //www.star.nesdis.noaa.gov/sod/lsa/SeaLevelRise/documents/NOAA_NESD.... Accessed 18. By Seattle city light, a separate department with its own website //www.star.nesdis.noaa.gov/sod/lsa/SeaLevelRise/documents/NOAA_NESD.... November. Are melting and heat expansion were contributing roughly equally to observed sea level along... 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