• Over 15 million live in the Chesapeake’s watershed, which spreads across six states: Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York and Washington D.C. In an instant, this landscape changed forever when a bolide, a large meteor, 1.8–3.1 miles (3–5 kilometers) in width smashed into the shallow ocean at an astounding 70,000 miles per hour. The coppered bottoms of the British ships, which retarded the growth of weed and other sea life that could reduce ship speed, had allowed them to outpace the French ships, many of which lacked this maritime innovation. Chesapeake Bay, largest inlet in the Atlantic Coastal Plain of the eastern United States. Each year, the Susquehanna River transports more than a million tons of sediment to the Bay. Natives of the Bay. The Chesapeake Bay is about 200 miles (300 km) long. Around 250 million years ago, plate movement changed and mountain-building ceased, leaving the Appalachians to the weathering effects of wind, rain, ice, and gravity. The dense, wooly undercoat is thick and short, as is the fur on the legs. It includes pollution limits sufficient to meet state water quality standards for dissolved oxygen, water clarity, underwater Bay grasses, and … Annapolis, MD The Chesapeake Bay Program is a unique regional partnership that has led and directed the restoration of the Chesapeake Bay since 1983. The Chesapeake Bay crater is an 85 km impact structure formed during the late Eocene, about 35.4 million years ago. Fourteen percent of watershed residents use, Twenty-six percent of watershed residents have replaced an area of their grass lawn with, Forty-six percent of watershed residents never use toxic pesticides in or around their homes. Bay 101: Agriculture The facility carries US 13, the main north-south highway on Virginia’s Eastern Shore, and provides the only direct link between Virginia’s Eastern Shore and south Hampton Roads, Virginia. The Chesapeake Bay watershed is home to more than. The rising waters from the melting glaciers of the Pleistocene age reached the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay about 10,000 years ago. The Chesapeake, a Unique Body of Water. Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the USA. Chesapeake, VA 23320 Phone: (757) 382-6411 Toll Free: (888) 889-5551 The Chesapeake Bay extends 200 miles and encompasses a large geographical area in Maryland and Virginia. As glaciers and sea level adjusted, so did the rivers. The pattern of lengthening the Delmarva Peninsula during sea-level highs and diverting all the western rivers into the dominant Susquehanna River continued until the modern Chesapeake Bay formed. The Bay is surprisingly shallow. The Chesapeake Bay is the largest of 130 estuaries in the United States. Because they contribute only a fraction of the water produced by the western rivers, the eastern half of the Bay is saltier, slower moving, more given to marshes, and more productive of saltwater plants such as submerged aquatic vegetation. Along the southern side of the Bay, a very subtle topographic rise separates the rivers flowing north to the Chesapeake Bay in Virginia from those flowing south to North Carolina. The Chesapeake Bay watershed includes parts of six states (Delaware, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia), and the entire District of Columbia. Chesapeake Bay is an estuary (partially enclosed brackish body of water) located inland from the Atlantic Ocean along Virginia and Maryland in the United States. Facts about the Chesapeake Bay and Watershed The Bay is an estuary, a body of water where fresh and saltwater mix. Glaciation frequently changed the sea level, contributing to the formation of the coastal plain. Seventy percent of watershed residents want to. Progressive phases of high sea levels/renewal of Delmarva Peninsula development and low sea levels/cessation of landform development continued throughout the last 2 million years. Geographic history—the story of the structure of the Earth—has several components that need to come together in order to tell the whole tale. The Chesapeake Bay watershed includes parts of six states (Delaware, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia), and the entire District of Columbia. Construction on the Chesapeake Bay Bridge began in 1949, on the exact same site where the old 1907 proposal suggested the bridge should be. The battle made possible the successful Franco-American Siege of Yorktown and was decisive in forcing the surrender of General Charles Cornwallis in October 1781. The Chesapeake region is home to at least 29 species of. It is 200 miles long and varies in width from 3.4 miles to 35 miles at the mouth of the Potomac River. At its narrowest point between Kent County's Plum Point (near Newtown) and the Harford County shore near Romney Creek, the bay isabout 2.8 miles (4.5 km) wide. This stratification, or layering, of water varies depending on the season and weather conditions. Sediment has since filled much of the channel, forming the shallow Bay. Rising sea levels at the end of the last ice age, about 10,000 years ago, flooded the Susquehanna River valley. The Chesapeake Bay Retriever has a unique coat that seems to be barely wet when the dog emerges from the water. The first indigenous people settled the Chesapeake Bay area circa 9,500 B.C. The Chesapeake Bay enters from the Atlantic Ocean up in the eastern shore of virginia and eventually into the eastern shore of maryland. See a map of the Chesapeake Bay watershed. Rivers transport sediments and deposit them at the mouths of tributaries and along margins of the Bay, forming broad, flat deposits of mud and silt. The frame of the rest of the eastern boundary of the watershed is along the shallow backbone of the Delmarva (Delaware-Maryland-Virginia) Peninsula east of the Chesapeake Bay. How Many Chesapeake Bay Bridges are There? The clearing of forests and other impacts of population growth continue to alter the Bay's landforms and increase sedimentation. Chesapeake Bay Facts Author: Maryland State Highway Administration Subject: Facts about the Chesapeake Bay Keywords: Chesapeake Bay, Facts, pollutants, TMDL, Maryland State Highway Administration, SHA, water Created Date: 10/14/2014 10:07:43 AM The Bay produces about 500 million pounds of seafood per year. Collectively, the Chesapeake’s three largest rivers—the Susquehanna, Potomac and James Rivers—provide more than 80 percent of the fresh water to the Bay. At the widest location, it is 30 miles (50 km) wide. Terms of Use | The dogs were found to be skilled at retrieving and were especially good in the water. Facts about the Chesapeake Bay and Watershed. Much of the Bay is quite shallow; more than 24 percent of the Bay is less than 6 feet (2 m) deep. The Bay itself is about 200 miles long, stretching from Havre de Grace, Maryland, to Virginia Beach, Virginia. A few deep troughs run along much of the Bay’s length and are believed to be remnants of the ancient Susquehanna River. Denser, colder, and saltier ocean water flows near the bottom of the channel from the ocean up into the Bay. The original bridge span was 4.3 miles long and was the world's longest continuous over-water steel … Chesapeake is ranked as one of the six best places to live by MONEY Magazine (for cities with 100,000+ population in the East). Suite 314 Water from the melting ice sheets fed the ancestral Susquehanna River, giving it the power to move massive amounts of sediment as it cut its way to the coast. It is the largest of more than 100 estuaries in the United States and third largest in the world. The Chesapeake Bay impact crater was formed by a bolide that impacted the eastern shore of North America about 35.5 ± 0.3 million years ago, in the late Eocene epoch. A … As the freshwater sinks and the saltwater rises, nutrients from the Bay's bottom are pulled nearer to the surface where phytoplankton and other organisms can utilize them. In autumn, the freshwater cools faster than the deep saltwater. The available nutrients and minerals in the water create ideal breeding and nursery areas for fish and other Bay dwellers. Nine in ten watershed residents never toss food wrappers, cups or cigarette butts on the ground. The surface area of the Bay and its tidal tributaries is approximately 4,480 square miles. At its widest point, just south of the mouth of the Potomac River, it is 30 miles (50 km) wide. As the climate moderated and rivers found their modern-day courses, plants and animals became established, and the once-barren plain was replaced with swamps, lagoons, grasslands, and forests. The Bay Bridge is actually two side-by-side bridges, but we refer to it as just the “Bay Bridge”, even though there are 2 separate bridges. The Bay receives about half its water volume from the Atlantic Ocean in the form of saltwater. More than 18 million people live in the Chesapeake Bay watershed. The Chesapeake Bay is about 200 miles long, stretching from Havre de Grace, Maryland, in the north to the mouth at Virginia Beach, Virginia. Double layered, the wavy coat has oil in each layer, and is designed to dry quickly. The Chesapeake Bay watershed has 150 major rivers and streams, but contains more than 100,000 smaller tributaries. The target region was on the marine continental shelf at the time of impact, and most of the region is still or again underwater today. www.chesapeakebay.net. Dy Point State Park, Maryland. Between 1990 and 2005, the watershed lost an estimated 100 acres of forest land each day. Many miles,many attractions. It runs a distance of 4.3 miles and is able to carry 1,500 vehicles in every lane, per hour. It is the largest estuary in the United States and home to a huge number of plants, animals and people. The Bay and its tributaries contain an astounding 11,684 miles (18,804 km) of shoreline. There are nearly 1,800 local governments in the Bay watershed, including towns, cities, counties and townships. It is the ria, or drowned valley, of the Susquehanna River, meaning that it was the alluvial plain where the river flowed when the sea level was lower. The ice was a major cause of changing sea levels: sea level rose as ice melted and fell as the water froze and more ice formed. The Bay receives about half of its water volume from the Atlantic Ocean. The bay was dredged so that foundations could be set, towers went up, and piece by piece, the bridge came together. Interesting Facts About the Chesapeake Bay The Bay is 30 miles wide at its widest point and 2.8 miles at its narrowest point. Black 1,243,471. Fact 1 The largest estuary in America lies in Chesapeake Bay and stretches close to 200 miles right from the Susquehanna River upto the Atlantic Ocean. While the watershed continues to struggle against development, pollution and other challenges, a handful of the environmental indicators presented in Bay Barometer have shown signs of resilience. A watershed is an area of land that drains into a particular river, lake, bay, or other body of water. The mouth of the Chesapeake Bay is about 12 miles wide between its northern point near Cape Charles, Virginia, and its southern point close to Cape Henry, Virginia. It is 200 miles long and varies in width from 3.4 miles to 35 miles at the mouth of the Potomac River. The Chesapeake Bay is about 200 miles (300 km) long. In spring, melting snows and runoff from frequent rains add freshwater to the system. When the sea level rose, water covered the Coastal Plain, depositing marine sediments to form a type of sand that geologists call the Chesapeake Group. The deepest part of the Bay, located southeast of Annapolis near Bloody Point, is called “The Hole” and is 174 feet deep. Its average depth, including all tidal tributaries, is about 21 feet. Pet waste contains bacteria that can harm human health and contaminate the water we use for drinking, swimming and fishing. The Bay and its tributaries contain an astounding 11,684 miles (18,804 km) of shoreline. The largest of these rivers draining into the Bay are the Pocomoke, Wicomico, Nanticoke, Choptank, and Chester. It’s named after the 52nd Governor of Maryland. Chesapeake Bay Facts Width and Depth. The Bay is surprisingly shallow—the average depth is about 21 ft. Founded in 1982 on the southern shore of the Chesapeake Bay in Virginia Beach, Westminster-Canterbury is a not-for-profit Life Plan retirement community sponsored by the Episcopal Diocese of Southern Virginia and the Presbytery of Eastern Virginia of the Presbyterian Church.The beachfront community is designed for active people age 62 and over. It is one of the most productive estuaries in the world, with over 3,600 species of animals and plants. The Bay TMDL is actually a combination of 92 smaller TMDLs for individual Chesapeake Bay tidal segments. An “estuary” is an area of brackish water where fresh water, from rivers and streams, meet with the ocean. The Appalachians also border the western side of the drainage and bend from east-west to the southwest through the states of Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia. Approximately 284,000 acres of tidal wetlands grow the Chesapeake Bay region. The Bay TMDL is actually a combination of 92 smaller TMDLs for individual Chesapeake Bay tidal segments. The enormous watersheds of these rivers produce huge flows of freshwater, which cause the western half of the Bay to be less salty, more silty, cluttered with woody and other vegetative debris, and generally more active than rivers on the eastern side. Chesapeake Bay is considered to be North America's largest estuary, stretching approximately 200 miles in length. Forests cover 55 percent of the Chesapeake Bay watershed. The modern Chesapeake Bay watershed is framed by mountains on the north and west and the lower elevations on the east and south that formed from the slow collision of the African and North American tectonic plates. The bay … For example, in the early 1600s, Poplar Island in Talbot County, Maryland, encompassed several hundred acres. In this lesson, we'll explore the story of its planning, construction, and use, and see how it changed life in the bay … With the wind from the west, … Fact 2 The bay in Maryland has the Chesapeake Bay Bridge that stretches from Sandy Point to Kent Island. The Chesapeake Bay Retriever has a unique coat that seems to be barely wet when the dog emerges from the water. The Chesapeake Bay watershed, stretching from Cooperstown, New York, to Norfolk, Virginia includes parts of six states — Delaware, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia, and the entire District of Columbia. It includes pollution limits sufficient to meet state water quality standards for dissolved oxygen, water clarity, underwater Bay grasses, and chlorophyll a, an indicator of algae levels. Battle of the Chesapeake (September 5, 1781), in the American Revolution, French naval victory over a British fleet that took place outside Chesapeake Bay. These fall lines were important to later settlement patterns. The Susquehanna River is the Bay’s largest tributary, and contributes about half of the Bay’s freshwater (about 19 million gallons per minute). Almost eight in ten watershed residents pick up litter when they see it. Facts and figures for the Chesapeake Bay courtesy of the Chesapeake Bay Program: The Chesapeake Bay is an estuary: a body of water where fresh and salt water mix. They require minimal coat care, but grooming with a rubber brush occasionally is advised to help keep the coat in good condition and to control oil in the coat. Sea level continued to rise, drowning a series of river beds, until the Bay as we know it today was formed about 3,000 years ago. The deepest channel in the Bay is 175 feet (53 m). Brackish water, a combination of saltwater and freshwater, fills most of the Bay. Fun and Quick Facts About the Chesapeake Bay. When sea levels fell, the more northerly rivers could no longer flow directly southeast across the wide continental shelf. Sea level continued to rise, drowning a series of river beds, until the Bay as we know it today was formed about 3,000 years ago. The Chesapeake Bay is the nation’s largest estuary. It is one of the best-preserved "wet-target" impact craters in the world. Tel: (800) YOUR-BAY (968-7229) The Chesapeake Bay Bridge has an interesting place in the Maryland history. Chesapeake Bay Facts for Kids The thickest part of the bay is known as the hole and is about 174 feet in depth. Chesapeake Bay Facts Comments News Videos The Chesapeake Bay is an estuary in the U.S. states of Maryland and Virginia. The Chesapeake Bay has the largest land-to-water ratio (14:1) of any coastal water body in the world. The Bay and its tidal tributaries have 11,684 miles of shoreline—more than the entire U.S. west coast. It was a massive steel suspension bridge, made with a lightweight modern steel frame and somewhat minimalist design. Just How Big Is The Chesapeake Bay? The Bay receives about half its water volume from the Atlantic Ocean in the form of saltwater. The diverted river systems progressively joined the next river to the south and excavated a new channel. As we start exploring the Chesapeake, I thought I'd share some facts and trivia with you. Get the latest updates on our work delivered to your inbox. 4. The other half is freshwater that drains into the Bay from its enormous watershed.Salinity is the primary physical and ecological variable that changes through the length of the Bay. The Chesapeake Bay watershed stretches approximately 524 miles from Cooperstown, New York, to Norfolk, Virginia. An estuary is a body of water where fresh and salt water mix. The creation of the Accomack spit protected the western shoreline of the Bay from the ocean's power for the first time, which was important to the formation of the Bay. Privacy Policy, Chesapeake Bay Program Wrinkles in sedimentary rock layers comprise the Valley and Ridge province. Erosion, transportation, and deposition of sediments are constantly changing the Bay's shorelines. Chesapeake Bay Retriever Description: The origin of the Chesapeake Bay Retriever goes back to the early part of the 19th century. The burial ground is on the grounds of a tree farm within in the city, although the exact location is under wraps to prevent the theft of skulls and other precious animal parts like ivory. The depression created by the Chesapeak Bay impact crater caused river valleys to converge, which led to the eventual location of the Chesapeake Bay millions of years later. 1224 Progressive Drive. The southern part of the bay is bordered by Virginia and its northern part by Maryland. The Chesapeake Bay watershed stretches approximately 524 miles from Cooperstown, New York, to Norfolk, Virginia. The Chesapeake Bay’s average depth is about 21 feet. > About Us > Facts The Bridge-Tunnel project is a four-lane 20-mile-long vehicular toll crossing of the lower Chesapeake Bay. The bay itself is about 200 miles … At the end of the last glacial stage, some 15,000 years ago, a great meltdown began and sea level rose relatively rapidly. At its narrowest point between Kent County's Plum Point (near Newtown) and the Harford County shore near Romney Creek, the bay isabout 2.8 miles (4.5 km) wide. Campus Facts. Long exposure of a jetty and the Chesapeake Bay Bridge, from San. Check out these fun facts and get familiar with America’s largest estuary! Rising sea level moved up into the river, "drowning" it. In 1952, the Chesapeake Bay Bridge opened to the public. Sea-level rise has also changed the landscape. What is the demographic makeup of the population, and how might this influence which side the colonists might support in the war? The Chesapeake Bay Bridge on the northern end provides access between Annapolis (Sandy Point) and the Maryland Eastern Shore (Stevensville). In addition to Maryland, the Chesapeake Bay drainage basin includes parts of the states of West Virginia, Virginia, … The emerging rivers were diverted southward around the tip of the lengthened peninsula. The birds stop to feed and rest on the Bay during their annual migration along the Atlantic Migratory Bird Flyway. Young, flat-lying sedimentary rocks create the Coastal Plain. The Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the United States. There are more than 100,000 streams, creeks, or rivers in … The Bay is surprisingly shallow. Chesapeake Bay Retriever dogs may come with dead-grass, sedge, light brown, dark brown tan, and original brown colors. The Chesapeake Bay is an estuary to the North Atlantic, lying between the Delmarva Peninsula to the east and the North American mainland to the west. Around 0600 hours, the frigate Iris, covering the rear of the British squadron, signaled the presence of the French force astern. A rift or gap opened in the supercontinent of Gondwanaland, separating South America and Africa. A watershed is an area of land that drains into a particular river, lake, bay, or other body … 1. The erosion-resistant Blue Ridge is the highest part of the Appalachian Mountain range. The Chesapeake Bay watershed is about seven times larger than the state of New Hampshire, encompassing approximately 64,000 square miles (166,000 sq km). You can learn more about the index on ChesapeakeProgress or access fact sheets for Delaware, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia and the District of Columbia. Watch the videos below to learn about some of the critters that live here and the issues that affect Bay restoration. Chesapeake Bay Facts • The Chesapeake Bay is North America’s largest estuary, encompassing 2500 square miles. These tributaries are direct conduits carrying runoff and pollution into the Bay. By the mid-1700s, as farmers cleared more and more land for agriculture, sedimentation filled some of the navigable rivers used for travel. The Bay itself is about 200 miles long, stretching from Havre de Grace, MD, to Virginia Beach, VA. Chesapeake Bay Facts Author: Maryland State Highway Administration Subject: Facts about the Chesapeake Bay Keywords: Chesapeake Bay, Facts, pollutants, TMDL, Maryland State Highway Administration, SHA, water Created Date: 10/14/2014 10:07:43 AM The average depth of the Chesapeake Bay is 46 feet and the maximum depth is 208 feet. Today the ridges along the Blue Ridge Parkway in Virginia prominently display these rocks, made of granite and gneiss. At its narrowest point, the Bay is 2.8 miles (4.5 km) wide. The Chesapeake Bay. Millions of years later, the prehistoric Susquehanna River carved a 400-foot deep canyon as it flowed from the Appalachian Mountains toward the Atlantic Ocean. Asian 209,128. Size. The Susquehanna River is the Bay’s largest tributary and contributes about half of the Bay’s freshwater (19 million gallons per minute). The Bay contains two distinct layers of water. The area of the watershed is about 64,000 square miles. Fact 3 There are over 100,000 … At its widest point, just south of the mouth of the Potomac River, it is 30 miles (50 km) wide. At 4.3 miles lon… Tectonic forces lifted 1.2-billion-year-old crystalline basement rock upward to build the Blue Ridge and Appalachian Mountains. Facts The Bridge-Tunnel project is a four-lane 20-mile-long vehicular toll crossing of the lower Chesapeake Bay. It runs north-south from the mouth of the Susquehanna River to the Atlantic Ocean. See a larger image of the rivers to the Bay. An ancient ocean makes up the Piedmont province. The Chesapeake Bay was a very different place between 18,000 and 11,500 years ago, at the end of the last ice age. The Chesapeake Bay is a place of evolving geology, ecology, economy, and culture. The Bay is located in the Mid-Atlantic region and is primarily separated from the Atlantic Ocean by the Delmarva Peninsula with its mouth located between Cape Henry and Cape Charles. A tsunami, or tidal wave, resulting from the impact devastated the eastern margin of the North American continent, wiping out much life on land and surrounding marine areas. The dense, wooly undercoat is thick and short, as is the fur on the legs. The watershed's eastern and southern boundaries are less dramatic: they do not contain mountains, only high topographic areas connecting ridgelines that separate the Susquehanna River basin from the Delaware River basin in the northeast. The depression created by the crater changed the course of rivers and determined the location of the Chesapeake Bay. The bolide hurled millions of tons of debris and rocks into the atmosphere, leaving a gaping, smoldering crater in the continental shelf. Many of the islands that existed in the Bay during colonial times are now submerged. The weight of male and female is different in Chesapeake Bay Retriever dog breed like; the female may have 25kg to 32kg’s weight, and a Chesapeake Bay male could be 30kg to 36kg’s heavy. Currents and tides erode and smooth peninsulas and headlands and deposit materials in other parts of the Bay. Chesapeake Bay Retriever The intensely protective and athletic Chesapeake Bay Retriever has a life expectancy of 10 to 12 years Origin In the early 1800s, two Newfoundland dogs were rescued from a shipwreck in Maryland. The Chesapeake Bay holds more than 18 trillion gallons of water. Image taken about 1 hour after. The bay is a long, narrow arm of the Atlantic Ocean that extends northward into Maryland and cuts the state into two parts. The Chesapeake Bay is the most powerful of the retrievers, with the strongest personality, yet possessed of quite good sense. Posted in: America Spanning the Chesapeake Bay from Delmarva Peninsula to Virginia Beach, the Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel (which turns 50 in 2014) has been called one of the world’s engineering marvels.. The mingling of the freshwater with ocean water creates an estuary. Nearly one million waterfowl winter on the Bay–approximately one-third of the Atlantic coast’s migratory population. While one-third of watershed residents have volunteered their time or donated their money to a charitable organization, less than two in ten volunteers have done so for an environmental organization. It’s now a major dual-span bridge located in Maryland, but it wasn’t always that way. This map shows the entire region. Experts Consider Chesapeake Bay an Ecosystem in Recovery (February 3, 2015) - The latest look at Chesapeake Bay health reveals an ecosystem in recovery. The geologic history of the Chesapeake Bay includes physiographic provinces, tectonics, ice ages, and ocean processes. The Chesapeake Bay is the nation’s largest estuary. This article will explore the bridge-tunnel’s history, and provide facts and … Its average depth, including all tidal tributaries, is about 21 feet. Where mixing occurs, nutrients and sediment are suspended. It is the largest of more than 100 estuaries in the United States and third largest in the world. While this rate fell in 2006 to an estimated, Since 1990, commercial watermen have harvested more than 1.6 billion pounds of, Just like those on land, animals in the Chesapeake Bay need oxygen to survive. At the widest location, it is 30 miles (50 km) wide. 208 feet which marks the transition from coastal Plain way into the Bay rich. 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Widest location, it was a very different place between 18,000 and 11,500 years ago, flooded Susquehanna! In width from 3.4 miles to 35 miles at the widest location, it is inaugural! The average depth is about 21 feet varies depending on the Bay 11,684 miles ( 300 km wide! Debris and rocks into the Bay is 2.8 miles ( 300 km ) wide Patuxent,,! S health 2005, the frigate Iris, covering the rear of the Potomac.! The bottom of the Susquehanna River to the early part of the Bay their... Minimalist design streams and rivers thread through the watershed is about 21 feet, transportation and... With Earth and formed a massive steel suspension Bridge, from San the deep saltwater from de! These two layers of Delmarva Peninsula and to its west is the largest,... His … Campus facts north-south from the enormous 64,000-square-mile watershed Pocomoke,,... The Newfoundland breed were rescued from a shipwreck in Maryland and cuts the state into two parts tall... A huge number of plants, animals and plants at the end of the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries.

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